Swimming is a form of exercises which is non-weight bearing, low impact, and causes low stress on joints. Injuries associated with swimming are usually not caused by trauma or impact, and commonly stem from overuse and repetition. Swimming injuries most commonly occur in the shoulder joints but can also affect the knees, hips and low back. Overuse can lead to fatigue and improper stroke and kicking mechanics. Listed below are some examples of common swimming injuries associated with swimming:
- Shoulder injuries result from muscle fatigue with repetitive motions and weakness of the rotator muscles.
- Knee injuries results from repetition from breast stroke kick and irritation of the ligaments and tendons which allow bending and straightening.
- Back injuries are common with too much back extension while swimming on your stomach.
Injury Prevention techniques:
- Use good form and technique.
- Lessen repetition.
- Cross training.
- Core, hip, and rotator cuff strengthening.
- Rest when experiencing fatigue, pain or soreness to allow the muscles time to recover.