Open vs. Closed Fracture
An open fracture is an injury that not only damages the bone but will break the skin. This can cause the bone to protrude out of the skin. Surgery is required to repair the bone and to close the wound in the skin. Antibiotics may also be necessary to prevent infection.
A closed fracture occurs when there is bone breakage but no break in the skin. Typically bruising and swelling are present at the fracture site.